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A unique life allowed Clarival do Prado Valladares (1918-1983) to leave an important legacy for Brazil’s artistic and architectural heritage. Even though he was educated and worked as a physician, this native of Bahia became notorious for the projects he developed as an art researcher and critic. Clarival do Prado Valladares’ merit came from his capacity to...

Chain store executive, pioneer in profit sharing, and philanthropist, J (ames) C (ash) Penney (1875-1971) built a corporate empire following business precepts based on the Golden Rule. The seventh of 12 children, only six of whom grew to maturity, J. C. Penney was born on September 16, 1875, on his father’s farm near Hamilton, Missouri. His father, the Reverend...